Rhus lancea is from South Africa and features evergreen leaves so that they can provide great greenery all year long. They tolerate a range of soil types, and usually are tolerant of dry soil. Some sumacs grow quite quickly, while others grow slowly. A Rhus lancea African Sumac can be trained to a single trunk or allowed to grow into a multi-trunk tree with a look that resembles an olive tree. Rounded or Spreading Shape. African sumac trees grow well in arid climates. The African sumac is a medium size evergreen tree growing with a low branching habit, 20-30 ft. tall, and a round canopy of equal or greater width. The cultivar 'Gro-low' is often used as a ground cover as it is lower-growing. Width: 15 - 20 feet. Sumac trees are very easy to grow and maintain. The foliage is green in summer and scarlet in fall. African Sumac. contains a range of at least 250 different plants, which vary in their height and form, as well as whether they are a tree or shrub, and whether they are deciduous or evergreen. Flameleaf sumac naturally prefers moist, well-drained soil but can adapt to areas that are quite rocky. Height: 12 - 20 feet. Sumacs generally work massed as borders, hedges or screens, though species with good autumn color and appealing shapes also work as specimen trees. Utility friendly tree. Growth (leaves) is dying in some of the branches in our 8 year old African Sumac tree. Often has a drooping habit Prone to Texas Root Rot. Rounded Shape. per year (60 cm). ... Growth Rate. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. At Moon Valley Nurseries, we grow the big trees that people want, including the African Sumac. What can we do to save the tree that is suffering the loss of healthy branches? They also differ significantly depending on growth rate. Moon Valley Nurseries African Sumac details and information. Fragrant sumac is a shrub that grows to only 6 or 10 feet. Trees begin to boast thousands of tiny green flowers, which attract surrounding bees. Smooth sumac is a native plant found throughout the eastern United States. We value engineer our trees, so you get the most bang for your buck. Trees may be referred to as male or female. The canopy of this evergreen is very dense when young, thinning somewhat when more mature. Most sumacs are not picky, and will tolerate a range of growing conditions. These are durable Rhus lancea that thrive in intense desert heat, can tolerate cold, and are very drought tolerant with little to moderate water needs once established. An African Sumac tree is perfect for hot, dry, climates and for anyone that is looking for an attractive shade tree with a long lifespan. This will allow wind to pass through without knocking your tree down. The companion Sumac tree about 50 yards away is healthy and thriving. African sumac, which is evergreen, has a moderate leaf density, and so can be used as a shade tree year round. The tree is short-lived, has a rapid growth rate, and can be used as a filler plant or to attract birds. Here is a link from LVRJ on African Sumacs: Its growth rate and eventual mature tree size is directly related to overall water availability. Growth Rate It grows at about 12 to 18 inches per year. Native to Southeastern Canada and the Northeastern United States, and winter hardy to USDA zones 3 through 9, this sumac gains 12 inches or less per growing season. Plant and tree growth cycles are regulated by environmental signals. It can grow to 25 feet tall with a 25 foot spread. Leaves are palmately divided into 3 narrow leaflets, each 3-5 … Continue reading "African sumac" Leaves Trifoliate, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen. Excellent tree for a small yard or on dry slopes or banks. A Rhus lancea African Sumac can be trained to a single trunk or allowed to grow into a multi-trunk tree with a look that resembles an olive tree. The Furst liquid technologies that... All trees and plants need Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potash (Potassium) as the primary nutrients for healthy... What if we told you that our designers could help you increase your home's value by over 28% ? The African Sumac (Rhus lancea) tree provides excellent greenery and shade throughout the entire year. All Rights Reserved. Flameleaf sumac (Rhus copallina), winter hardy to USDA zones 4 through 9 and is native to the Eastern United States, grows as a tree to 20 or 30 feet, and makes a good yard border on the edge of woods. For instance, the easily shrubbing staghorn sumac makes a good hedge, as does fragrant sumac. Its fine textured foliage varies from pale green to deep olive-green and has a resinous smell when crushed. ; Soil pH: 5.5-7.0; Plant Size: 5 meters (16 feet) tall Duration: Perennial Shrub Leaf Shape: Odd Pinnate compound leaves with 9-31 leaflets; Leaf Phyllotaxis (Arrangement) on branch: Alternate; Leaf Size: Each leaflet is 6-11 cm (2 1/3 to 4 1/3 inches) long Fire-resistant for defensible space This durable, low-branching species, usually offered in nurseries as a single or multi-trunked specimen, forms an open crown of narrow, lance-shaped dark-green foliage that has a slightly-weeping, graceful appearance. Flowers. Sometimes reaching 30 feet in height, the African sumac provides ample shade for plants that thrive at its base. Copyright © 2020 Moon Valley Nurseries. These sumacs, all deciduous, also can be used for fall color. But this is not a perfect tree. Small yellow flowers bloom in late March or early April. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Trailing-rooting ground covers have trailing stems that spread out from a central root system. The bark has a dark red color. They will grow in full sun to partial shade. Fruit. Heat-loving and tolerant of may soils. Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year. All three of these have clusters of fuzzy red berries that grow tightly together, a very distinctive feature. African Sumac $48 75 $48.75 5 Gallon ( 2 - 3 ft. ) - $48.75 USD 7 Gallon ( 3 - 4 ft. ) - $68.75 USD 15 Gallon ( 4 - 5 ft. ) - $128.75 USD 20 Gallon ( 5 - 6 ft. ) - $198.75 USD 24" Tree Box ( 6 - 8 ft. ) - $298.75 USD Quantity Plant Sizing Guide The African sumac, for instance, usually is a tall tree that can grow to as high as 25 feet, usually living 50 to 100 years. Tree Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Deciduous Habit/Form: Open Spreading Growth Rate: Rapid Texture: Medium; Cultural Conditions: Light: Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day) Soil Texture: Shallow Rocky Soil pH: Acid (<6.0) Soil Drainage: Good Drainage Available Space To Plant: Less than 12 inches USDA Plant Hardiness Zone: On the other hand, the fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica) is a medium-textured shrub with a slow growth rate. Tree Characteristics. Description. Likes full sun and little to moderate water. MONDAY-SATURDAY 7:30AM-5PM SUNDAY 9AM - 5PM. It was an African sumac, and I pointed to that species in last Wednesday's column - on the scourge of palm trees - as an example of a good non-native tree to plant. How you use a sumac in the garden will depend largely on its growth habit. The dark green summer foliage turns an excellent yellow to orange-red-purple combinations in fall. ... With that in mind, I would estimate that after three years in the ground your tree should receive about 10 to 15 gallons each time you water if planted from a 15 gallon container. Red buds open into clusters of pinkish flowers in the spring. The African sumac (Rhus lancea) is a quickly growing tree, winter hardy to U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 10, which can add 24 inches per season to its height. Although this tree is not deciduous, it does lose a great amount of leaves each year-- more so in the hot summers. Sugar sumac Rhus ovata A deep evergreen shrub with dense foliage and a rounded shape, growing up to 15 ft tall. In addition, the tiny green flowers that they come to visit has very little visibility to gardeners and may not even be noticed for all the bee trouble. Family: Anacardiaceae. USDA Plant Hardiness Zone: 5-8 (More information on hardiness zones). African Sumac Needs More Water As It Gets Larger Q. Its tiny leaves are cold and drought deciduous but, due to its blue-green color, it looks evergreen from a distance. Visit us today, and we will be glad to help you handpick the perfect specimens for the perfect spot in your yard! Staghorn Sumac. Plant them in a spot with full sun to partial shade exposure and enjoy its umbrella-shaped form and low canopy that offers a cool shady spot for relief from the blazing sun! Has Evergreen foliage. The sumac group (Rhus spp.) contains a range of at least 250 different plants, which vary in their height and form, as well as whether they are a tree or shrub, and whether they are deciduous or evergreen. Native to Texas. Additional Common Names. Height is 2 to 5 feet tall and 5 to 10 feet wide. They have Fragrant Sumac, Gro lo Dwarf Fragrant Sumac, Winged Sumac and Staghorn Sumac. African sumacs may require thinning in the canopy especially in a high wind area. Pruning may take place at any time of year. 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